The Cost of the Man Box: A study on the economic impacts of harmful masculine stereotypes in the United States, a new report from Equimundo and AXE, Unilever’s leading male grooming brand, reveals that “man up” stereotypes – and the harmful behaviors they lead to – cost the United States over $15.7 billion each year.

The Man Box study in 2017 highlighted the prevalence of harmful ideas about manhood and their impact in the United States (US), United Kingdom (UK), and Mexico. The results showed that young men (ages 18-30) feel pressured to live up to a restrictive set of “act tough” expectations that cause real harm to those around them and to themselves. The findings from The Man Box study were so strong, consistent, and alarming that Equimundo and Axe partnered again to estimate the economic costs of harmful ideas about masculinity, in order to drive change. The Cost of the Man Box estimates a minimum cost of $15.7 billion that could be saved by the US economy if there were no “Man Box.” The study also reveals that the Man Box costs the UK more than $3.8 billion and Mexico $1.4 billion.

The study presents six key outcomes or consequences, as identified by The Man Box, which show strong statistical links to harmful masculine stereotypes and have measurable societal and economic costs. These include: traffic accidents, suicide, depression, sexual violence, bullying and violence, and binge drinking. The study draws from available public health data to estimate the total nationwide prevalence of each of these six outcomes or consequences, and then uses a range of methodologies to approximate the costs associated with these outcomes. The costs of the Man Box are massive, and this study only provides an initial, minimum estimate.

Read the full United States report below, including recommendations for taking action across educational institutions, workplaces, the government, in media, and more, in order to bring an end to the destructive, costly effects of harmful masculine norms.

Read some of the key findings here.

The full United Kingdom study is available here.
The full Mexico study is available here.
The summary report is available here.

Additional information on methodology for the United States is available in Annex B here.



The Cost of the Man Box: A study on the economic impacts of harmful masculine stereotypes in the United States

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